Green Plant Imagery. A sprouting or fresh new green plant is a symbol of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Scriptural Basis for the Spiritual Symbolism. The death of Jesus is not the last word, the final end. After Jesus spent three days in the tomb, God the Father raised him from the dead (Acts 2:32a; 3:15; 4:10; 5:30; 13:30,34,37). His death on the Cross resulted in new life, and because an emerging green plant is new plant life, it is a symbol of the Resurrection. Jesus suggested this imagery when he said, “Amen, amen, I say to you, unless a grain of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it remains just a grain of wheat; but if it dies, it produces much fruit” (Jn 12:24).
The Seed Metaphor. The seed represents Jesus. The planting of the seed in the ground represents the burial of Jesus in the earth in a tomb. The seed’s germination period represents the time that Jesus spent in the tomb. The sprout breaking through the ground, finally visible in the daylight, represents Jesus breaking past the stone that covered the entrance of his tomb, his resurrected body seen clearly at daybreak in the rays of dawning sunlight on Easter Sunday morning. The plant arrayed in beauty represents Jesus’ glorified body. The emergent green plant represents Jesus’ victory over death and his triumphant new life.
Plant Locations. The most common location for a green plant that represents the Resurrection is at the foot of the Cross. Some of the droplets of blood that Jesus shed fell to the ground immediately beneath him, and the blood that flowed forth as he died is the seed of new life (see Jn 19:34), not only for Jesus himself, but for all believers, not only new spiritual life and grace on earth but also eternal life in heaven with God in glory forever (see Jn 6:54). The other common location for new green plants is along the ground at the entrance to his empty tomb.
Plant Varieties. A wide variety of green plants are used symbolically for this purpose: a tuft of sprouting new green grass, a new green shoot off of a vine, unfolding green foliage on the stem of a fresh flower, or budding green leaves on a shrub or tree.
Easter Art and Decorations. Fresh greenery is widely used decoratively on Easter and throughout the Easter Season. Green plants and flowers frequently are positioned around the base of an Easter Cross, prominently displayed either inside the church or outdoors. Greenery is also commonly displayed in front of the altar or the pulpit, around the Easter Candle, or elsewhere in the sanctuary, as well as in other locations throughout the church building such as entrances, gathering places, meeting halls, and office reception areas.