Jesus Christ is King of kings, the greatest of all kings, and he is in the line of King David, the greatest king in the history of Israel. When the angel Gabriel appeared to Mary to announce the birth of Jesus, Gabriel explained that “the Lord God will give him the throne of David his father” (Lk 1:32). The announcement fulfilled the promise God made to David before he died through his messenger, the prophet Nathan: “I will raise up your offspring after you … I will establish his royal throne forever. I will be a father to him, and he shall be a son to me … your throne shall be firmly established forever” (2 Sm 7:12,14,16). While Jesus was given the throne of David, their kingships could not be more different.
David was a shepherd boy; Jesus is the Good Shepherd.
David was anointed king by the prophet Samuel;
Jesus’ kingship was conferred by his heavenly Father.
David became widely known because he killed Goliath with a stone;
Jesus became widely known because he healed the sick and raised the dead.
David armed himself with the sword of Goliath; Jesus armed himself with the Word of God.
David was a great soldier, mighty and valiant, and he slew many Philistines;
Jesus taught love of enemy and he practiced what he preached.
David was a warrior king, the commander who led his soldiers into battle;
Jesus leads his followers in the battle against Satan, temptation, and sin.
David brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem;
Jesus established the New Covenant with the blood he shed on the Cross.
David has multiple wives, Ahinoam, Abigail, Eglah, Bathsheba, and concubines, too;
Jesus has a chaste love for everyone.
David had many sons; to Jesus all people are his children.
David sinned grievously when he committed adultery and murder;
Jesus was tempted like everyone, but never sinned.
David’s kingdom encompassed a large geographic region from Dan to Beersheba;
Jesus’s kingdom encompasses not only the earth, but the entire universe.
David’s throne was in Jerusalem; Jesus’ throne is in heaven.
David’s throne was surrounded by attendants;
Jesus’ throne is surrounded by the angels and saints.
David ruled for forty years; Jesus reigns for all eternity.