There are four general Prefaces in the Roman Missal for the Season of Lent, and these texts are not only spoken liturgical prayers, they also serve as texts for personal prayer and meditation, and they express the spiritual purpose and importance of the season.
Preface I of Lent explains the meaning of the season. It begins by noting that Lent is God’s gracious gift to us each year. Lent is not monthly, quarterly, biannually, or every five years, but once a year. God gives us the season of Lent for our own spiritual good. Sin is insidious. New sins pop up. We fall deeper into the rut of old habitual sins. Laxity creeps in. God knows that we need to set aside time each year to reexamine our lives, face our shortcomings, renounce our evildoing, admit instances when we should have done good and failed to do so, repent, be cleansed, and start anew.
Lent is the time that God’s faithful await the sacred paschal feasts. It is a forty day journey of preparation for the three holiest days of the Church year, Holy Thursday, Good Friday, and Easter, all three woven together into the Sacred Paschal Triduum.
The goal is for each believer to be able to celebrate the Triduum with joy, a genuine sense of inner peace and contentment that comes from being in right relationship with God and neighbor, loving others, speaking the truth, performing good deeds, and observing the commandments. Joy is the result of minds made pure. Our minds are impure when we think about bad things like how to get back at someone, how to get away with something without being caught, or how to treat ourselves to something that is harmful, and then to desire the bad thing for ourselves and devise a plan for how to get it. Lent is a time to cleanse our minds of all mental impurities and to desire what is good and wholesome, and for our desires to conform with the gospel and God’s will. A pure mind is the path to true joy, and a joyful heart is the ideal spiritual disposition for the celebration of the Sacred Paschal Triduum.
Lent is a season to be more eagerly intent on prayer and works of charity. To be eagerly intent is to strongly want something, to recognize it as worthwhile, and to pursue it with excitement and energy. It is a time of intensification. Presumably prayer is already a part of our spiritual lives. Lent is a time to improve the quality or the quantity of our prayer. Presumably we already perform good deeds. Lent is a time for additional or new acts of kindness.
During Lent we participate in the mysteries by which we are reborn. Each Christian is born of flesh, and reborn of water and spirit (see Jn 3:5,6). Lent features conversion, a stronger belief in Jesus as Messiah and Lord, he who is the resurrection and the life (Jn 11:25); the mystery of the Cross, how Jesus as our Savior and Redeemer washes away our sins with the blood that he shed and gives us new life in his grace; and forgiveness, how Jesus is compassionate and merciful and grants pardon and peace to the sinner. Lent looks ahead to Holy Thursday, the Eucharist and how Jesus lives within those who receive his Body and Blood (Jn 6:53-58); Good Friday, and how Jesus’s death on the Cross leads to salvation and eternal life; and Easter, how in the waters of Baptism each believer dies to sin and is reborn in the fullness of God’s grace. It is through Baptism, the featured sacrament of Easter, that we become members of the Body of Christ, and God claims us as his sons and daughters.